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Renewable Energy Reports

At South Yorkshire Renewable Energy we strongly support the growth of renewable enegy and try to keep as up to date in the field as much as possible. On this page we are compiling a list of projects or reports which have caught our eye. We hope you enjoy them!

The DESERTEC Concept.

This was developed by a network of politicians, scientists and economists from around the Mediterranean, from which arose the DESERTEC FOUNDATION. It focusses on carefully sited renewable energy installations in areas of the world where sources of energy are at their most abundant, such as solar power in deserts.

These sites can be used thanks to High-Voltage Direct Current transmission. In contrast to conventional AC transmission, HVDC can carry electricity generated from renewables over long distances with losses of just 3 percent per 1,000 kilometers.

All kinds of renewables will be used in the DESERTEC Concept, but the sun-rich deserts of the world play a special role: within six hours, deserts receive more energy from the sun than humankind consumes within a year. Thanks to heat storage tanks, deserts can supply electricity on demand day and night. This makes them an ideal complement to fluctuating energy sources such as wind and photovoltaic power and allows a higher percentage of these variable energy sources to be used in the future electricity mix.

PricewaterhouseCoopers – 100% Renewable Electricity by 2050

Report CoverThis report represents a roadmap to 2050 for Europe and North Africa, prepared by the European and international climate experts at PricewaterhouseCoopers.

It examines the potential for powering Europe and North Africa with renewable electricity exclusively by 2050 and the opportunities this transformation to the power sector presents.  The study provides policy makers and business leaders with clear direction and a step wise approach on how to achieve the 2050 vision.

The roadmap addresses four critical areas of intervention: Policy, Markets, Investments and Infrastructure and looks at the ability to foster a stable, long term and transparent regulatory framework that will promote confidence with investors and enable the build-up of the required supply chain and grid infrastructure. It argues that to achieve the 2050 goal of 100% renewable electricity, policies would also need to incorporatemechanisms to disincentivise construction of new fossil fuel power plants. All of this is possible using theexisting EU processes and structures. For North African countries, the more immediate need is the development of institutional capacity to support a move to greater use of renewables.

The report is drawn up using technology which exists today including solar and wind power as well as ‘smart’ and ‘super’ grids.

The Energy [R]evolution Concept

This detailed 340 page report is compiled by Greenpeace in collaboration with a number of renewable energy councils. An executive summary is included for those on limited time. The full report contains introductory reading on a number of renewable technologies.

The report puts forward a single global scenario with increased reliance on renewable technologies and smart grids combined with energy efficiency measures and low carbon transport.

The IPCC’s Special Report on Renewable Energy and Climate Change (SRREN) chose the last Energy [R]evolution edition
as one of the four benchmark scenarios for climate mitigation energy scenarios. Following the publication of the SRREN in May 2011 in Abu Dhabi, the Energy [R]evolution has been widely quoted in the scientific literature.

The report concluded that “This fourth edition of the Energy [R]evolution shows that with only 1% of global GDP invested in renewable energy by 2050, 12 million jobs would be created in the renewable sector alone; and the fuel costs savings would cover the additional investment two
times over. To conclude, there are no real technical or economic barriers to implementing the Energy [R]evolution. It is the lack of political will that is to blame for the slow progress to date.”

ROADMAP 2050

The Roadmap 2050 report is a “A Practical  guide to a prosperous, low-carbon Europe”. It discusses the feasability and technical challenges of implementing an 80% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in Europe by the year 2050.

The study was conducted by the European Climate Foundation, a group with no financial ties to political or business bodies. The report uses facts from academia and industry in order to outline achievable solutions to meeting the reduction target.

A number of pathways have been outlined which utilise different energy generation methods including fossil fuels, nuclear and renewables although the analysis states that without 95-100% decarbonization of the power sector, an 80% reduction in greehouse gasses will be “virtially impossible”. The pathways use existing technology and do not rely on electricity imported from other regions.

The authors note that “Roadmap 2050 is the first of its kind to provide a system-wide European assessment, including a system reliability assessment. It is also the first study to develop its analysis in cooperation with the NGOs, major utility companies, TSOs, and
equipment manufacturers across technologies and throughout Europe”.

An update to the report, Power Perspectives 2030 has been recently released and can also be downloaded from the same place.

Positive Energy

This World Wildlife Fund report’s full title is ‘Positive Energy: How Renewable Electricity Can Transform the UK by 2030’. The report begins by stating that “the UK has an opportunity to become a world leader in clean, renewable energy”, a claim often repeated about the UK with it’s vast wind and tidal resources.

It shows that renewable sources could meet 60% or more of the UK’s electricity demand by 2030 without resorting to nuclear power yet maintaing ‘system security‘; ensuring that there is no risk of the lights going out.

The report details six different scenarios under which the UK could meet a 60% target by 2030. These include variations in the utilisation of gas, renewables, carbon capture and storage and interconnection capacity. Reduction in demand is another important factor which, the report claims can significanty reduce the capital costs of new energy installations. Two of the scenarios are dubbed ‘stretch scenarios’ where renewable energy use is expanded greatly over the 60% mark; one scenario discusses a 87% renewable powered UK.

The report concludes by stressing that “Building a strong domestic supply chain and becoming an industrial leader in renewables would help meet the UK’s decarbonisation objectives, generate substantial growth in green jobs, reduce the UK’s exposure to volatile imported wholesale fossil fuel prices and make the cost of renewable technologies fall faster. Bold action, including setting a target for over 60% renewables by2030, backed up by long-term, stable financial support mechanisms, is key to attracting investment and reducing costs.”

The report can be downloaded here.

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